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Uk Freiburg Navigeringsmeny VideoA look around Freiburg, Germany
They were deported to Camp Gurs in the south of France, where many died. On 18 July , the remaining Baden and Freiburg Jews were transferred to Auschwitz in Nazi-occupied Poland, where almost all were murdered.
The memorial is a children's paddling pool and contains a bronze plaque commemorating the original building and the Jewish community which perished.
The pavements of Freiburg carry memorials to individual victims, in the form of brass plates outside their former residences. Freiburg was heavily bombed during World War II.
In May , aircraft of the Luftwaffe mistakenly dropped approximately 60 bombs on Freiburg near the railway station, killing 57 people. After the war, the city was rebuilt on its medieval plan.
In December Freiburg became the seat of government for the German state Badenia , which was merged into Baden-Württemberg in The French Army maintained a presence in Freiburg until , when the last French Army division left the city, and left Germany.
On the site of the former French Army base, a new neighborhood for 5, people, Vauban , began in the late s as a "sustainable model district".
Because of its scenic beauty, relatively warm and sunny climate, and easy access to the Black Forest, Freiburg is a hub for regional tourism. In , Freiburg was voted as the Academy of Urbanism's European City of the Year in recognition of the exemplary sustainable urbanism it has implemented over the past several decades.
The longest cable car run in Germany, which is 3. The city has an unusual system of gutters called Freiburg Bächle that run throughout its centre.
These Bächle , once used to provide water to fight fires and feed livestock, are constantly flowing with water diverted from the Dreisam. They were never intended to be used for sewage, and even in the Middle Ages such use could lead to harsh penalties.
During the summer, the running water provides natural cooling of the air, and offers a pleasant gurgling sound.
It is said that if one accidentally falls or steps into a Bächle , they will marry a Freiburger, or 'Bobbele'.
The Augustinerplatz is one of the central squares in the old city. Formerly the location of an Augustinian monastery that became the Augustiner Museum in , it is now a popular social space for Freiburg's younger residents.
It has a number of restaurants and bars, including the local brewery 'Feierling', which has a Biergarten. On warm summer nights, hundreds of students gather here.
At the centre of the old city is the Münsterplatz or Cathedral Square, Freiburg's largest square. A farmers market is held here every day except Sundays.
This is the site of Freiburg's Münster , a gothic minster cathedral constructed of red sandstone, built between and and noted for its towering spire.
Built between and , it was once the center of the financial life of the region. The Platz der alten Synagoge "Old Synagogue Square" is one of the more important squares on the outskirts of the historic old city.
The square was the location of a synagogue until it was destroyed on Kristallnacht in The Siegesdenkmal , or victory monument, is a monument to the German victory in the Franco-Prussian War in It is situated at the northern edge of the historic city center of Freiburg, and was built by Karl Friedrich Moest.
In everyday language of people living in Freiburg, it serves as an orientation marker or as a meeting place. To the east of the city centre, the Schlossberg hill provides extensive views over the city and surrounding region.
The castle Schloss from which the hill takes its name was demolished in the s, and only ruins remain. Schlossberg retained its importance to the city, however, and years ago the city leaders opened up walks and views to make the mountain available to the public.
Today, the Schlossbergbahn funicular railway connects the city centre to the hill. Other museums in the city include the Archaeology Colombischlössle Museum.
Freiburg is bordered by the Black Forest mountains Rosskopf and Bromberg to the east, Schönberg and Tuniberg to the south, with the Kaiserstuhl hill region to the west.
Köppen climate classification classifies its climate as oceanic Cfb. Marine features are limited however, as a result of its vast distance from oceans and seas.
As a result, summers have a significant subtropical influence as the inland air heats up. Thus July and August are, along with Karlsruhe , the warmest within Germany.
Winters are moderate but usually with frequent frosts. However, more year-round rain occurs than in the Rhine plateau because of the closeness to the Black Forest.
The city is close to the Kaiserstuhl, a range of hills of volcanic origin located a few miles away which is one of the warmest places in Germany and therefore considered as a viticultural area.
Freiburg is known as an "eco-city". The newly built neighbourhoods of Vauban and Rieselfeld were developed and built according to the idea of sustainability.
The citizens of Freiburg are known in Germany for their love of cycling and recycling. In June , the Freiburg city council adopted a resolution that it would permit construction only of " low-energy buildings " on municipal land, and all new buildings must comply with certain "low energy" specifications.
Low-energy housing uses solar power passively as well as actively. Ambulanztermine finden , soweit nicht anders vereinbart, statt.
Mund-Nasen-Schutz wird beim Betreten des Universitätsklinikums ausgehändigt. Dieser Text erklärt in leichter Sprache, was eine Blasenentzündung ist.
Er zeigt auch, was man dagegen tun kann. Mehrere Kinder mit einer schweren Form fortschreitender Muskelschwäche konnten am Universitätsklinikum Freiburg mit einer neuartigen Gentherapie behandelt werden.
Drei jüngst installierte, hochmoderne Computertomografen ermöglichen eine noch präzisere Diagnostik und Therapie bei stark reduzierter Strahlendosis und geringerer Kontrastmittelgabe.
Angst kommt in vielen Gestalten — bei einer der weltweit verbreitetsten Tierphobien besitzt diese Gestalt acht Beine und webt Netze. Die gute Nachricht: Es gibt wirksame Abhilfe gegen Phobien.
The city and its canton joined the Swiss Confederation in , and has long influenced Swiss and European Catholicism. Several prominent families developed as a result of the cloth and leather trade, beginning in the 14th century, including Gottrau , Lanthen , Affry , Diesbach originally from Bern , von der Weid , Fegeli , and Weck.
This contributed to the decline of the cloth trade, however, as the families involved in the industry began to be more concerned with governing the city and its surrounding possessions.
An important milestone for the politics of the city was reached in , when the patricians drew up a new constitution, in which they declared that they were the only people capable of ruling the city, and thereby took control of all voting rights.
This consolidated the oligarchy which had begun to form as early as the 15th century. The monasteries of Fribourg have always formed a centre of religious culture, which includes architecture, sculpture and painting, and have contributed to the culture of the city.
The Franciscan monastery was donated by Jakob von Riggisberg in In early times, it was closely associated with the city council, because it housed the city archives and its monastery church was used for town meetings until Similarly, the Augustinian monastery was founded in the midth century, and enjoyed the support of the noble Velga family for a long time.
Additionally, La Maigrauge Abbey has existed since , and has belonged to the Cistercians since An important institution was the public hospital, opened in the midth century, which provided services for the poor.
During the Reformation , Fribourg remained Catholic, although it was nearly surrounded by the Protestant Bern. This led to repeated conflicts over religion in border regions, and in areas controlled jointly by Fribourg and Bern.
The city was a major centre of the Counter-Reformation. At the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th, new monasteries were established in the city, including: a Capuchin monastery , another on Bisemberg , an Ursuline monastery , and a Visitandine monastery The most influential monastery, however, was that of the Jesuits , which contributed to a large extent to the advancement and prosperity of the city.
It established the College of Saint Michael in , the theological faculty of which formed the basis of the University of Fribourg.
The concept of an objective press was also begun by the Jesuits. In Fribourg became the seat of the Bishop of Lausanne, who, after the Reformation, was forced first into Evian , and then into exile in Burgundy.
Today it is the seat of the Diocese of Lausanne, Geneva and Fribourg. The strong patrician regime, consisting of no more than 60 families, filled all of the influential positions in the city and dominated all political, social, economic and cultural arenas of Fribourg.
On several occasions unhappy citizens joined together to attempt a revolt, including in under the leadership of Pierre-Nicolas Chenaux. These revolts were repressed with the help of Bern and Bernese troops.
Fribourg capitulated to the French on 2 March and relinquished leadership of its lands. This freed the way for the first municipal elections, in which Jean de Montenach was elected the first mayor.
With the introduction of the Act of Mediation under Napoleon in , the separation of the city of Fribourg from its Canton was finally carried out.
Fribourg was made the capital of its region and Canton, and, between and , was one of the capitals of Switzerland.
The patricians regained control of the city in during the Restoration period. They ruled until Its leadership was followed by a new and more liberal constitution.
Fribourg was part of the Sonderbund , a "separate alliance" of Catholic cantons attempting to secede from Switzerland. Fribourg and the Sonderbund capitulated to Federalist forces under General Dufour on 14 November in what amounted to a brief and nearly bloodless Swiss civil war.
Since , the new national constitution and the amendment to the Canton constitution has guaranteed every citizen the right to vote.
The later 19th and the 20th century brought about drastic changes to the city's culture and physical nature. The opening of the midland railway line through the city in led to the development of a "railway station quarter" of the city.
The improved transportation enabled Fribourg to undergo industrialisation. The city centre shifted from the Old City to the new Train Station quarter.
The inauguration of the University in was an important event in Fribourg. Another economic boon to the city was the opening of the nearby A12 highway.
It is located on the Swiss plateau, and extends on both sides of the Sarine, which, in the vicinity of Fribourg, has cut deeply into the molasse.
The valley floor is only settled in the area immediately around the Old City. Fribourg has an area, as of [update] , of 9.
Of this area, 1. Of the rest of the land, 5. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 4. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.
Out of the forested land, Of the agricultural land, 6. Of the water in the municipality, 1. The area of the municipality, which is relatively small for a city, covers an area of Molasse in the central part of Canton of Fribourg.
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