a domestic, meat-eating animal related to the wolf and fox. der Hund. It's time to take the dog for a walk. dog. adjective. ○. (usually of members. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für dog im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. I walk my dog every day. — Ich gehe jeden Tag mit meinem Hund spazieren. Dogs are loyal animals.
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "dog"Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für dog im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. a domestic, meat-eating animal related to the wolf and fox. der Hund. It's time to take the dog for a walk. dog. adjective. ○. (usually of members. I walk my dog every day. — Ich gehe jeden Tag mit meinem Hund spazieren. Dogs are loyal animals.
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Now I know. There are few things you find out in life that you never bring up in conversation. Politics, religion, and GWP vs.
I have been on the receiving end of many flip and even heated confrontational remarks directed my way due to being a supporter of the breed that I dearly admire.
Objectives to fulfill personal wants and needs. It all comes down to, in my opinion, is objectives that create the standardization of the definition at hand.
What is a definition in relation to anything else? It is the statement expressing the essential nature of something.
For example, what makes a measurement a measurement? What separates the color red from orange? What makes a Harrier different form a Beagle? Why has Man manipulated the species of dog over generations to create certain characteristics, like temperament, furnishings, height, etc.?
Its to achieve an objective. Take for example my DD. He has a perfect topline required by a grand champ, exceptional furnishings, and a gait to kill for.
His schwarzschimmel black in color coat, larger paws, to name a few of many attributes, would stand him out as not an AKC prototype of perfection to the definition.
It comes back to what is the definition, a statement expressing the essential nature of something, essence of the purpose.
You can choose any foreign language, not just German dog commands. What matters is that you use sounds that are unique and appear only when you're talking to your best friend.
Share Flipboard Email. Smith, , variegatus Gmelin, , venaticus Gmelin, , vertegus Gmelin, . The dog Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species or Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the wolf  is a domesticated carnivore of the family Canidae.
It is part of the wolf-like canids ,  and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore. Their long association with humans has led dogs to be uniquely attuned to human behavior,  and they can thrive on a starch-rich diet that would be inadequate for other canids.
This influence on human society has given them the sobriquet of " man's best friend. In , the Swedish botanist and zoologist Carl Linnaeus published in his Systema Naturae the binomial nomenclature — or the two-word naming — of species.
Canis is the Latin word meaning "dog",  and under this genus , he listed the dog-like carnivores, including domestic dogs, wolves, and jackals.
He classified the domestic dog as Canis familiaris , and on the next page, he classified the wolf as Canis lupus.
In , a study of mitochondrial DNA indicated that the domestic dog might have originated from multiple grey wolf populations, with the dingo and New Guinea singing dog "breeds" having developed at a time when human communities were more isolated from each other.
Christopher Wozencraft listed under the wolf Canis lupus its wild subspecies, and proposed two additional subspecies: " familiaris Linneaus, [domestic dog]" and " dingo Meyer, [domestic dog]".
Wozencraft included hallstromi — the New Guinea singing dog — as a taxonomic synonym for the dingo. Wozencraft referred to the mDNA study as one of the guides informing his decision.
The domestic dog's origin includes the dog's genetic divergence from the wolf, its domestication , and its development into dog types and dog breeds.
The dog is a member of the genus Canis , which forms part of the wolf-like canids , and was the first species and the only large carnivore to have been domesticated.
The genetic divergence between dogs and wolves occurred between 20, and 40, years ago, just before or during the Last Glacial Maximum   20,—27, years ago.
This period represents the upper time-limit for domestication commencement because it is the time of divergence and not the time of domestication, which occurred later.
Domestic dogs have been selectively bred for millennia for various behaviors, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes.
Dogs are highly variable in height and weight. The smallest known adult dog was a Yorkshire Terrier , that stood only 6. The most massive known dog was a Saint Bernard , which weighed The dog's senses include vision, hearing, smell, taste, touch and sensitivity to the earth's magnetic field.
Another study suggested that dogs can see the earth's magnetic field. The coats of domestic dogs are of two varieties: "double" being familiar with dogs as well as wolves originating from colder climates, made up of a coarse guard hair and a soft down hair , or "single," with the topcoat only.
Breeds may have an occasional "blaze," stripe, or "star" of white fur on their chest or underside. The coat can be maintained or affected by multiple nutrients present in the diet; see Coat dog for more information.
Premature graying can occur in dogs from as early as one year of age; this is shown to be associated with impulsive behaviors , anxiety behaviors , fear of noise, and fear of unfamiliar people or animals.
There are many different shapes for dog tails : straight, straight up, sickle, curled, or cork-screw. As with many canids, one of the primary functions of a dog's tail is to communicate their emotional state, which can be crucial in getting along with others.
In some hunting dogs, however, the tail is traditionally docked to avoid injuries. Despite their close genetic relationship and interbreedability, there are several diagnostic features to distinguish the gray wolves from domestic dogs.
Domesticated dogs are distinguishable from wolves by starch gel electrophoresis of red blood cell acid phosphatase.
Dogs generally have brown eyes, and wolves almost always have amber or light-colored eyes. Many household plants are poisonous to dogs and other mammals , including Begonia , Poinsettia , and Aloe vera.
Some breeds of dogs are prone to specific genetic ailments such as elbow and hip dysplasia , blindness , deafness , pulmonic stenosis , cleft palate , and trick knees.
Two severe medical conditions significantly affecting dogs are pyometra , affecting unspayed females of all types and ages, and gastric dilatation volvulus bloat , which affects the larger breeds or deep-chested dogs.
Both of these are acute conditions and can kill rapidly. Dogs are also susceptible to parasites such as fleas , ticks , mites , hookworms , tapeworms , roundworms , and heartworms roundworm species that lives in the heart of dogs.
Several human foods and household ingestibles are toxic to dogs, including chocolate solids theobromine poisoning , onion and garlic thiosulphate , sulfoxide or disulfide poisoning ,  grapes and raisins , macadamia nuts , xylitol ,  as well as various plants and other potentially ingested materials.
Dogs can be exposed to the substance by scavenging through garbage bins or ashtrays and eating cigars and cigarettes.
Signs can be vomiting of large amounts e. Some other symptoms are abdominal pain, loss of coordination, collapse, or death.
Theobromine is toxic to dogs because, although the dog's metabolism is capable of breaking down the chemical, the process is so slow that for some dogs, even small amounts of chocolate can be fatal, mostly dark chocolate.
Dogs are also vulnerable to some of the same health conditions as humans, including diabetes , dental and heart disease , epilepsy , cancer , hypothyroidism , and arthritis.
In , a study found that mixed breed dogs live on average 1. Increasing body-weight was negatively correlated with longevity i.
The typical lifespan of dogs varies widely among breeds, but for most, the median longevity, the age at which half the dogs in a population have died, and half are still alive, ranges from 10 to 13 years.
The breed with the shortest lifespan among breeds for which there is a questionnaire survey with reasonable sample size is the Dogue de Bordeaux , with a median longevity of about 5.
Still, several breeds, including miniature bull terriers , bloodhounds , and Irish wolfhounds are nearly as short-lived, with median longevities of 6 to 7 years.
The longest-lived breeds, including toy poodles , Japanese spitz , Border terriers , and Tibetan spaniels , have median longevities of 14 to 15 years.
In domestic dogs, sexual maturity happens around six to twelve months of age for both males and females,   although this can be delayed until up to two years old for some large breeds, and is the time at which female dogs will have their first estrous cycle.
They will experience subsequent estrous cycles semiannually, during which the body prepares for pregnancy. At the peak of the cycle, females will become estrus, mentally, and physically receptive to copulation.
Fertilization typically occurs 2—5 days after ovulation; 14—16 days after ovulation, the embryo attaches to the uterus, and after more days, the heartbeat is detectable.
Dogs bear their litters roughly 58 to 68 days after fertilization ,   with an average of 63 days, although the length of gestation can vary.
An average litter consists of about six puppies ,  though this number may vary widely based on dog breed. In general, toy dogs produce from one to four puppies in each litter, while much larger breeds may average as many as twelve.
Some dog breeds have acquired traits through selective breeding that interfere with reproduction. Male French Bulldogs , for instance, are incapable of mounting the female.
For many dogs of this breed, the female must be artificially inseminated to reproduce. Neutering refers to the sterilization of animals, usually by removing the male's testicles or the female's ovaries and uterus , to eliminate the ability to procreate and reduce sex drive.
Because of dogs' overpopulation in some countries, many animal control agencies, such as the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals ASPCA , advise that dogs not intended for further breeding should be neutered.
That way, they do not have undesired puppies that may later be euthanized. Many more are confined to cages in shelters because there are many more animals than there are homes.
Spaying or castrating dogs helps keep overpopulation down. Neutering reduces problems caused by hypersexuality , especially in male dogs.
A common breeding practice for pet dogs is mating between close relatives e. In a study of seven breeds of dogs Bernese mountain dog , basset hound , Cairn terrier , Epagneul Breton , German Shepherd dog, Leonberger , and West Highland white terrier , it was found that inbreeding decreases litter size and survival.
Mortality due to infection increased significantly with increases in inbreeding. Dog intelligence is the dog's ability to perceive information and retain it as knowledge for applying to solve problems.
Studies of two dogs suggest that dogs can learn by inference and have advanced memory skills. A study with Rico , a border collie, showed that he knew the labels of over different items.
He inferred the names of novel things by exclusion learning and correctly retrieved those new items immediately and four weeks after the initial exposure.
A study of another border collie, "Chaser," documented his learning and memory capabilities. He had learned the names and could associate by verbal command over 1, words.
A study on canine cognitive abilities found that dogs' capabilities are no more exceptional than those of other animals, such as horses , chimpanzees , or cats.
Dogs demonstrate a theory of mind by engaging in deception. Dog behavior is the internally coordinated responses actions or inactions of the domestic dog individuals or groups to internal and external stimuli.
As a result of this physical and social evolution, dogs have acquired the ability to understand and communicate with humans more than any other species, and they are uniquely attuned to human behaviors.
These abilities are not possessed by the dog's closest canine relatives or other highly intelligent mammals such as great apes but rather parallel to children's social-cognitive skills.
Unlike other domestic species selected for production-related traits, dogs were initially selected for their behaviors. These gene variations were unlikely to have been the result of natural evolution and indicate selection on both morphology and behavior during dog domestication.
These genes have been shown to affect the catecholamine synthesis pathway, with the majority of the genes affecting the fight-or-flight response   i.
Dog communication is how dogs convey information to other dogs, understand messages from humans, and translate the information that dogs are transmitting.
Humans communicate to dogs by using vocalization, hand signals, and body posture. In , an estimated global dog population was between million  and million.
In the developing world, dogs are more commonly feral or communally owned, with pet dogs uncommon. Although dogs are the most abundant and widely distributed terrestrial carnivores, feral, and free-ranging dogs' potential to compete with other large carnivores is limited by their strong association with humans.
Wolves kill dogs wherever they are found together. In Wisconsin, wolves will often kill hunting dogs, possibly because they are in the wolf's territory.
Coyotes and big cats have also been known to attack dogs. In particular, leopards are known to have a preference for dogs and have been recorded to kill and consume them no matter their size.
Dogs have been described as carnivores   or omnivores. Based on metabolism and nutrition, many consider the dog to be an omnivore. However, the dog is not merely an omnivore.
More like the cat and less like other omnivores, the dog can only produce bile acid with taurine , and it cannot produce vitamin D , which it obtains from animal flesh.
Also, more like the cat, the dog requires arginine to maintain its nitrogen balance. These nutritional requirements place the dog part-way between carnivores and omnivores.
As a domesticated or semi-domesticated animal, the dog is nearly universal among human societies. Notable exceptions once included:.
Dogs were introduced to Antarctica as sled dogs but were later outlawed by international agreement due to the possible risk of spreading infections.
The domestic dog is the first species, and the only large carnivore , known to have been domesticated.
Especially over the past years, dogs have undergone rapid phenotypic change and were formed into today's modern dog breeds due to artificial selection by humans.
These breeds can vary in size and weight from a 0. Phenotypic variation can include height measured to the withers ranging from Color varies from white through grays usually called "blue" to black, and browns from light tan to dark "red" or "chocolate" in a wide variety of patterns; coats can be short or long, coarse-haired to wool-like, straight, curly, or smooth.
Some breeds demonstrate outstanding skills in herding, retrieving, scent detection, and guarding, demonstrating the functional and behavioral diversity of dogs.
The first dogs were domesticated from shared ancestors of modern wolves; however, the phenotypic changes that coincided with the dog-wolf genetic divergence are unknown.
Domestic dogs inherited complex behaviors, such as bite inhibition , from their wolf ancestors, which would have been pack hunters with complex body language.
These sophisticated forms of social cognition and communication may account for their trainability, playfulness, and ability to fit into human households and social situations.
These attributes have given dogs a relationship with humans that has enabled them to become one of the most successful species today. The dogs' value to early human hunter-gatherers led to them quickly becoming ubiquitous across world cultures.
Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting , herding , pulling loads , protection , assisting police and military , companionship , and, more recently, aiding disabled individuals.
This influence on human society has given them the nickname " man's best friend " in the Western world.
In some cultures, however, dogs are also a source of meat. Humans would also have derived enormous benefit from the dogs associated with their camps.
They would have alerted the camp to predators or strangers, using their acute hearing to provide an early warning. It has been suggested that the most significant benefit would have been the use of dogs' robust sense of smell to assist with the hunt.
The cohabitation of dogs and humans likely improved the chances of survival for early human groups. The domestication of dogs may have been one of the key forces that led to human success.
Human emigrants from Siberia that came across the Bering land bridge into North America likely had dogs in their company. Although one writer  even suggests that sled dogs ' use may have been critical to the success of the waves that entered North America roughly 12, years ago,  the earliest archaeological evidence of dog-like canids in North America dates from about 9, years ago.
Dogs as pack animals may have contributed to the Apache and Navajo tribes' migration 1, years ago. This use of dogs in these cultures often persisted after the introduction of the horse to North America.
It is estimated that three-quarters of the world's dog population lives in the developing world as feral, village, or community dogs, with pet dogs uncommon.
Pet-dog populations grew significantly after World War II as suburbanization increased. From the s, there have been changes in the pet dog's role, such as the increased role of dogs in the emotional support of their human guardians.
There have been two significant trends occurring within the second half of the 20th century in pet dogs' changing status. The first has been the "commodification," shaping it to conform to social expectations of personality and behavior.
A vast range of commodity forms aims to transform a pet dog into an ideal companion. Many normal dog behaviors such as barking, jumping up, digging, rolling in dung, fighting, and urine marking which dogs do to establish territory through scent became increasingly incompatible with a pet dog's new role.
The majority of contemporary dog owners describe their pet as part of the family,  although some ambivalence about the relationship is evident in the popular reconceptualization of the dog-human family as a pack.
The height at shoulder varies from around 61 to 68 cm for males, and 57 to 64 cm for females. The coat is generally wiry, and tightly fit with a thick under wool.
This coat was developed to provide optimal protection form external influences such as moisture, cold and heat, as well as thorns, brush and insects.
The breed has a variety of colorations. They are: brown and white or black and white ticked usually with some solid patches, and solid brown with or without a white chest patch.
The driving force behind the Deutsch-Drahthaar, Freiherr Sigismund of Zedlitz and Neukirch, demanded that the primary breeding goal of the hunting dog be versatile performance ability.
The German Spitz is a small spitz dog that is thought to be the ancestor of the rest of the spitz breeds from Germany. In Europe, there are various types of German Spitz, but all are considered part of the same breed.
The Great Dane, also called the German Mastiff, is a giant breed of dog used for hunting and guarding. Their primary target was wild boar and bear, although large deer would also be sought after.
The Great Dane is one of the tallest dog breeds in existence today. Although it resembles a Golden Retriever, the Hovawart is actually an estate guarding dog from Germany.
It comes in either the gold color, solid black or black with tan points. The breed dates back to the 13th century and today is used in jobs such as search and rescue and tracking.
The Jagdterrier is a strong working terrier from Germany, used for hunting a variety of prey. They are most commonly used for dangerous prey such as boar, raccoons, badger and fox.
The breed is very strong willed and high drive, making it typically unsuitable for a family companion. The Keeshond is a German Spitz dog bred mostly for companionship and watchdog capability.
They are very playful dogs that do well with children and continue to be found in family homes today.
The Large Monsterländer is a large gundog originating in Germany. It gained recognition in the early s. It differs from the Small Münsterländer due to its size and color, as the breed is only found in solid black or black and white with black ticking spots allowed.
The Leonberger is a working dog originating in the s.The Deutsch Drahthaar is a medium-sized sporting dog that was developed for their all-around hunting prowess. These dogs show talent in all areas of hunting, including the tracking of wounded game, the flushing or pointing out of small game and game birds, and the . 6/15/ · The Deutsch-Drahthaar is the product of German history. The Germans put a lot of emphasis on the idea of a versatile breed. In the late 19 th century, a group of breeders set out to create a dog that could fulfill all the aspects of hunting with a dog, including field, forest, and water. They also hoped to further the idea of a dog that could. Arbeitsgruppe DOG-Klinische Studienzentren; Arbeitsgruppe Young DOG; Working Group DOG-DRG; Task Force Research; AK DOG-Personalvorgaben im Krankenhaus; DOG Comittees; DOG-Sections. DOG-Genetics in Ophthalmology; DOG-Section Tissue Transplantation and Biotechnology; DOG-Section Glaucoma; DOG-Section International Ophthalmology; DOG-Section Cornea. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'dog' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für dog im Online-Wörterbuch vitalxsign.com (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung für 'dog' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für dog im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.