Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Abgesehen von der Aufstellung der Steine ist dies aber nur ein Beispiel. Weder die Farben der Steine, noch die Zugrichtung noch die Position. Die Backgammon Aufstellung ist symmetrisch. Gespielt wird mit 15 weissen respektive schwarzen Steinen. Auf dem 1. bzw. Point liegen zwei. Es zeigt ein Brett mit den Steinen in ihrer Startposition. Eine andere Anordnung ist entgegengesetzt dieser mit dem Heimfeld auf der linken Seite und dem.
SpielregelnEs zeigt ein Brett mit den Steinen in ihrer Startposition. Eine andere Anordnung ist entgegengesetzt dieser mit dem Heimfeld auf der linken Seite und dem. Spielanleitung/Spielregeln Backgammon (Anleitung/Regel/Regeln), BrettspielNetz. Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Abgesehen von der Aufstellung der Steine ist dies aber nur ein Beispiel. Weder die Farben der Steine, noch die Zugrichtung noch die Position.
Backgammon Aufstellung Start Navigation menu VideoBackgammon Grandmaster analyze a match (great lesson!) Backgammon es un juego de suerte y vitalxsign.com juega por dos personas con 15 piezas cada uno sobre un tablero consiste de 24 espacios o vitalxsign.com piezas se mueven de acuerdo con los roles. Download this game from Microsoft Store for Windows 10, Windows , Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone , Windows Phone 8. See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for Backgammon Pro. Start with the helpful tutorial that will teach you how to play. Practice against the computer or play against your friends in 2 player mode. You can even customize the board and pieces you play with and keep track of your statistics. If you like other strategy games, you will love Backgammon Deluxe!
To start the game, each player rolls one die, and the player with the higher number moves first using the numbers shown on both dice.
Both dice must land completely flat on the right-hand side of the gameboard. The players then take alternate turns, rolling two dice at the beginning of each turn.
After rolling the dice, players must, if possible, move their checkers according to the number shown on each die. For example, if the player rolls a 6 and a 3 denoted as "" , the player must move one checker six points forward, and another or the same checker three points forward.
The same checker may be moved twice, as long as the two moves can be made separately and legally: six and then three, or three and then six.
If a player rolls two of the same number, called doubles, that player must play each die twice.
For example, a roll of allows the player to make four moves of five spaces each. On any roll, a player must move according to the numbers on both dice if it is at all possible to do so.
If one or both numbers do not allow a legal move, the player forfeits that portion of the roll and the turn ends.
If moves can be made according to either one die or the other, but not both, the higher number must be used. If one die is unable to be moved, but such a move is made possible by the moving of the other die, that move is compulsory.
In the course of a move, a checker may land on any point that is unoccupied or is occupied by one or more of the player's own checkers.
It may also land on a point occupied by exactly one opposing checker, or "blot". In this case, the blot has been "hit" and is placed in the middle of the board on the bar that divides the two sides of the playing surface.
A checker may never land on a point occupied by two or more opposing checkers; thus, no point is ever occupied by checkers from both players simultaneously.
Checkers placed on the bar must re-enter the game through the opponent's home board before any other move can be made. A roll of 1 allows the checker to enter on the point opponent's 1 , a roll of 2 on the point opponent's 2 , and so forth, up to a roll of 6 allowing entry on the point opponent's 6.
Checkers may not enter on a point occupied by two or more opposing checkers. Checkers can enter on unoccupied points, or on points occupied by a single opposing checker; in the latter case, the single checker is hit and placed on the bar.
More than one checker can be on the bar at a time. A player may not move any other checkers until all checkers on the bar belonging to that player have re-entered the board.
If the opponent's home board is completely "closed" i. When all of a player's checkers are in that player's home board, that player may start removing them; this is called "bearing off".
A roll of 1 may be used to bear off a checker from the 1-point, a 2 from the 2-point, and so on. If all of a player's checkers are on points lower than the number showing on a particular die, the player must use that die to bear off one checker from the highest occupied point.
When bearing off, a player may also move a lower die roll before the higher even if that means the full value of the higher die is not fully utilized.
For example, if a player has exactly one checker remaining on the 6-point, and rolls a 6 and a 1, the player may move the 6-point checker one place to the 5-point with the lower die roll of 1, and then bear that checker off the 5-point using the die roll of 6; this is sometimes useful tactically.
As before, if there is a way to use all moves showing on the dice by moving checkers within the home board or by bearing them off, the player must do so.
If a player's checker is hit while in the process of bearing off, that player may not bear off any others until it has been re-entered into the game and moved into the player's home board, according to the normal movement rules.
The first player to bear off all fifteen of their own checkers wins the game. If the opponent has not yet borne off any checkers when the game ends, the winner scores a gammon , which counts for double stakes.
If the opponent has not yet borne off any checkers and has some on the bar or in the winner's home board, the winner scores a backgammon , which counts for triple stakes.
To speed up match play and to provide an added dimension for strategy, a doubling cube is usually used.
The doubling cube is not a die to be rolled, but rather a marker, with the numbers 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64 inscribed on its sides to denote the current stake.
At the start of each game, the doubling cube is placed on the midpoint of the bar with the number 64 showing; the cube is then said to be "centered, on 1".
When the cube is centered, either player may start their turn by proposing that the game be played for twice the current stakes. Their opponent must either accept "take" the doubled stakes or resign "drop" the game immediately.
Whenever a player accepts doubled stakes, the cube is placed on their side of the board with the corresponding power of two facing upward, to indicate that the right to re-double belongs exclusively to that player.
For instance, if the cube showed the number 2 and a player wanted to redouble the stakes to put it at 4, the opponent choosing to drop the redouble would lose two, or twice the original stake.
There is no limit on the number of redoubles. Although 64 is the highest number depicted on the doubling cube, the stakes may rise to , , and so on.
In money games, a player is often permitted to "beaver" when offered the cube, doubling the value of the game again, while retaining possession of the cube.
A variant of the doubling cube "beaver" is the "raccoon". Players who doubled their opponent, seeing the opponent beaver the cube, may in turn then double the stakes once again "raccoon" as part of that cube phase before any dice are rolled.
The opponent retains the doubling cube. An example of a "raccoon" is the following: White doubles Black to 2 points, Black accepts then beavers the cube to 4 points; White, confident of a win, raccoons the cube to 8 points, while Black retains the cube.
Such a move adds greatly to the risk of having to face the doubling cube coming back at 8 times its original value when first doubling the opponent offered at 2 points, counter offered at 16 points should the luck of the dice change.
Some players may opt to invoke the "Murphy rule" or the "automatic double rule". If both opponents roll the same opening number, the doubling cube is incremented on each occasion yet remains in the middle of the board, available to either player.
The Murphy rule may be invoked with a maximum number of automatic doubles allowed and that limit is agreed to prior to a game or match commencing.
When a player decides to double the opponent, the value is then a double of whatever face value is shown e. The Murphy rule is not an official rule in backgammon and is rarely, if ever, seen in use at officially sanctioned tournaments.
The "Jacoby rule", named after Oswald Jacoby , allows gammons and backgammons to count for their respective double and triple values only if the cube has already been offered and accepted.
This encourages a player with a large lead to double, possibly ending the game, rather than to play it to conclusion hoping for a gammon or backgammon.
The Jacoby rule is widely used in money play but is not used in match play. The "Crawford rule", named after John R.
Crawford , is designed to make match play more equitable for the player in the lead. If a player is one point away from winning a match, that player's opponent will always want to double as early as possible in order to catch up.
Whether the game is worth one point or two, the trailing player must win to continue the match. To balance the situation, the Crawford rule requires that when a player first reaches a score one point short of winning, neither player may use the doubling cube for the following game, called the "Crawford game".
After the Crawford game, normal use of the doubling cube resumes. The Crawford rule is routinely used in tournament match play.
If the Crawford rule is in effect, then another option is the "Holland rule", named after Tim Holland , which stipulates that after the Crawford game, a player cannot double until after at least two rolls have been played by each side.
It was common in tournament play in the s, but is now rarely used. There are many variants of standard backgammon rules.
Some are played primarily throughout one geographic region, and others add new tactical elements to the game. Variants commonly alter the starting position, restrict certain moves, or assign special value to certain dice rolls, but in some geographic regions even the rules and directions of the checkers' movement change, rendering the game fundamentally different.
Acey-deucey is a variant of backgammon in which players start with no checkers on the board, and must bear them on at the beginning of the game.
The roll of is given special consideration, allowing the player, after moving the 1 and the 2, to select any desired doubles move. A player also receives an extra turn after a roll of or of doubles.
Hypergammon is a variant of backgammon in which players have only three checkers on the board, starting with one each on the 24, 23 and 22 points.
The game has been strongly solved , meaning that exact equities are available for all 32 million possible positions.
Nard is a traditional variant from Persia in which basic rules are almost the same except that even a single piece is "safe".
All 15 pieces start on the 24th wedge. Nackgammon is a variant of backgammon invented by Nick "Nack" Ballard  in which players start with one less checker on the 6-point and midpoint and two checkers on the point.
Russian backgammon is a variant described in as: " In this variant, doubles are more powerful: four moves are played as in standard backgammon, followed by four moves according to the difference of the dice value from 7, and then the player has another turn with the caveat that the turn ends if any portion of it cannot be completed.
Gul bara and Tapa are also variants of the game popular in southeastern Europe and Turkey. The play will iterate among Backgammon, Gul Bara, and Tapa until one of the players reaches a score of 7 or 5.
Coan ki is an ancient Chinese board game that is very similar. Plakoto , Fevga and Portes are three versions of backgammon played in Greece. Together, the three are referred to as Tavli.
Misere backgammon to lose is a variant of backgammon in which the objective is to lose the game. Other minor variants to the standard game are common among casual players in certain regions.
There is no limit to the number of redoubles in a game. Gammons and Backgammons. At the end of the game, if the losing player has borne off at least one checker, he loses only the value showing on the doubling cube one point, if there have been no doubles.
However, if the loser has not borne off any of his checkers, he is gammoned and loses twice the value of the doubling cube. Or, worse, if the loser has not borne off any of his checkers and still has a checker on the bar or in the winner's home board, he is backgammoned and loses three times the value of the doubling cube.
Optional Rules. The following optional rules are in widespread use. Automatic doubles. If identical numbers are thrown on the first roll, the stakes are doubled.
The doubling cube is turned to 2 and remains in the middle. Players usually agree to limit the number of automatic doubles to one per game. When a player is doubled, he may immediately redouble beaver while retaining possession of the cube.
The original doubler has the option of accepting or refusing as with a normal double. The Jacoby Rule.
Gammons and backgammons count only as a single game if neither player has offered a double during the course of the game.
This rule speeds up play by eliminating situations where a player avoids doubling so he can play on for a gammon. The dice must be rolled together and land flat on the surface of the right-hand section of the board.
The player must reroll both dice if a die lands outside the right-hand board, or lands on a checker, or does not land flat.
A turn is completed when the player picks up his dice. If the play is incomplete or otherwise illegal, the opponent has the option of accepting the play as made or of requiring the player to make a legal play.
A play is deemed to have been accepted as made when the opponent rolls his dice or offers a double to start his own turn. If a player rolls before his opponent has completed his turn by picking up the dice, the player's roll is voided.
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Bubble Shooter Free. Master Checkers Future Free. Portes ist hierbei die Runde, welche die meisten Ähnlichkeiten mit Backgammon hat, mit folgenden Unterschiedlichkeiten:.
Für den Backgammon Start und das Set up benötigt man ein Spielbrett, bspw. Die Anordning, Aufstellung, bzw. Die Zahlen auf diesem Würfel zeigen die Steigerungsmöglichkeit von 2-fach bis fach.
Backgammon Koffer sind jedoch auch bereits recht günstig online bestellbar. Sie möchten den Dopplungswürfel einmal gegen echte Gegner um Backgammon um Geld einsetzen?
Jetzt online bei Backgammon anmelden und gegen echte Gegner spielen. Hierbei wird der Einsatz verdoppelt — wenn man um Punkte spielt kann man dies so lange machen, bis die maximale Punktzahl erreicht ist.
In der Regel sollte man als Spieler nur dann den Dopplungswürfel nutzen, wenn man sich zu dem Zeitpunkt des Angebots über die eigenen Chancen bewusst ist — bspw.
Um die Chance zu maximieren, dass der gegnerische Spieler das Angebot annimmt, darf im Gegenzug die Chancenverteilung jedoch auch nicht zu extrem sein.
Wird das Angebot zurückgewiesen, verliert der Gegner sofort das Spiel und zahlt den bestehenden Einsatz zum Zeitpunkt der Zurückweisung.
Das Spiel ist beendet und ein neues Spiel kann beginnen. Steht man selber in der Position das Dopplungsangebot anzunehmen, so gilt abzuwägen ob man das Spiel noch gewinnen kann, oder wie hoch die Chancen stehen das Spiel zu verlieren.
Nimmt man die Verdopplung an, so ist man als nächstes an der Reihe, wenn es darum geht zu verdoppeln.
Wird das Angebot angenommen, kommt der Dopplungs-Würfel beginnend mit der zwei als Spielstandsanzeiger auf die Bar. Ein weiteres Verdopplungsangebot kann jedoch nur der Spieler machen, der das Vorangegangene akzeptiert hat.
Diese Machtposition sollte man sich als Spieler immer bewusst machen, sowohl als derjenige Spieler, der den Würfel initial ausspielt, als auch als Spieler, welche das Angebot annimmt.
Ab dem nächsten Zug, kann somit der Spieler, welcher den Dopplungswürfel angenommen hat wiederum diesen ausspielen, sofern die Spiellage aus seiner Sicht positiv erscheint.
Wie gewinnt man bei Backgammon , bzw. Ein Stein darf hinaus gewürfelt werden, wenn die Punktzahl eines Würfels ausreicht um diesen Stein über den Spielfeldrand zu ziehen.
Man darf einen Teil eines Wurfes oder den ganzen Wurf dazu benutzen, um Steine im inneren Feld weiter zu ziehen, statt sie auszuspielen.
Ist ein Wurf geeignet, um einen Stein von einer Spitze auszuspielen, die nicht besetzt ist, so muss dieser Wurf dazu benutzt werden, einen Stein von der höchsten besetzten Spitze zu ziehen.